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The UN Security Council (UNSC), established in 1945, is tasked with maintaining international peace and security. It has 15 members: 5 permanent with veto power (US, UK, France, Russia, China) and 10 elected for two-year terms. The UNSC can impose sanctions, authorize military action, and mandate peacekeeping missions. It operates through resolutions requiring at least 9 affirmative votes and no veto from permanent members. The UNSC's relevance is critical in conflict resolution and global security governance, though its effectiveness is often debated due to geopolitical dynamics and the veto power of permanent members.


Agenda: Enhancing Global Peacekeeping efforts and addressing emerging Security Threats, including Cyber Warfare, Climate-induced conflicts, and Nuclear Proliferation.


The agenda highlights the need to combat cyber threats, climate conflicts as well as nuclear proliferation.  Environment degradation creates conflicts over resources, the situation is more aggravated when nuclear weapons are misused. Therefore, proactive measures which include strengthening international cooperation, implementing cybersecurity protocols, mitigating climate impacts, and promoting nuclear disarmament to safeguard global stability and security are key factors to discuss.

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