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The INTERNATIONAL COURT OF JUSTICE (ICJ), established in 1945 as the principal judicial organ of the UN, resolves legal disputes between states and provides advisory opinions. Located in The Hague, it comprises 15 judges elected for nine-year terms by the UN General Assembly and Security Council. Technically, it adjudicates based on international law, treaties, and conventions. The ICJ hears cases submitted by states and issues binding judgments. Its relevance lies in promoting the peaceful resolution of conflicts, upholding international law, and contributing to global stability by addressing disputes on issues like territorial boundaries, sovereignty, and human rights.


Agenda: SOUTH AFRICA  v/s ISRAEL(Genocide Convention Case)


The Genocide Convention, adopted by the UN in 1948, defines genocide as acts committed with intent to destroy the whole or a part of  national, ethnic, racial, or religious group. It obligates signatory states to prevent and punish genocide, setting legal standards for prosecution and prevention of mass atrocities globally. The conflict between South Africa and Israel is primarily rooted regarding Israel's policies towards Palestinians. South Africa, historically a supporter of Palestinian rights, views Israel's occupation of Palestinian territories as unjust to apartheid-era policies South Africa once faced. This has led to diplomatic tensions and periodic disputes between the two countries. The agenda encourages young leaders to devise solutions to address this issue and mitigate its impact.

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